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Corporate Governance zur rose articles of association

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Investor and analyst contact Zur Rose Group AG Marcel Ziwica CFO T 41 58 810 11 49 ir .dont-like-spam @ ich-will-kein-spam.
Marcel Ziwica , Chief Financial Officer Held a variety of management positions in the Zur Rose Group from 2001 to 2014, ultimately as Head of Group Finance and Controlling and a member of the Executive Committee for Switzerland. Serving as CFO since November 2014. Prior to joining the Zur Rose Group, he worked as a consultant with Spider Innoventure Ltd in Tägerwilen. He studied business administration at the University of St. Gallen.
Volker Amelung Specialist Professor of International Health Systems Research at Hannover Medical School since 2001, following teaching appointments at the University of Economics and Politics, Hamburg, and Columbia University, New York. He studied business administration at the Universities of St. Gallen and Paris-Dauphine.
Walter Oberhänsli , Executive Director and CEO Chairman of the Board from 1996 to 2011, serving as Executive Director and Chief Executive Officer since 2005. He practised as an independent lawyer in Kreuzlingen until the end of 2004 and studied law at the University of Zurich.
Thomas Schneider , Vice Chairman of the Board Specialist in general medicine , working as a family and general practitioner in a group practice in Tägerwilen since 1989. Served as a member of the Medical Ethics Board of the Thurgau Medical Society in 2009, having previously occupied various roles in professional policy at national and cantonal level. He studied medicine at the University of Basel.
Stefan Feuerstein , Chairman of the Board Chairman of the Board of Partners of the UNIMO-Gerstner Group, Zug / Xanten. Director of various companies. Served as Executive Director and CEO of Markant AG until 2010 and previously as a member of the Management Board of METRO AG, responsible for Strategic Group Purchasing and Food & Retail. He studied business administration and has been an honorary professor at Worms University of Applied Sciences since 2001.

Heinz O. Baumgartner CEO of Schweiter Technologies AG, Horgen, since 2009. Served at its CFO from 1996 to 2013. Previously worked as a controller at Asea Brown Boveri Switzerland. He graduated in business administration from the University of St. Gallen.
Vanessa Frey CEO and Director of Corisol Holding Ltd. since 2007. Director of various companies. Served in the Corporate Finance Team of Handelsbanken Capital Markets in Stockholm and subsequently as asset manager in Hong Kong from 2004 to 2006. zur rose articles of association She earned a bachelor’s degree in economics and law from the University of St. Gallen and a Master of Science degree in international economics and business from Stockholm School of Economics.
Olaf Heinrich , Head for Germany Serving on the Management Board of DocMorris since 2008 and as CEO since 2009, additionally appointed Head for Germany within the Zur Rose Group in 2017. Before joining DocMorris, he managed joint ventures in the retail and pharmaceutical sectors and held other international senior management positions with leading companies in the retail and pharmaceutical sectors. He studied industrial engineering in Berlin and London.
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Walter Hess , Head for Switzerland Zur Rose General Manager since March 2015 and also Head for Switzerland within the Zur Rose Group since 2017. Before joining the Group, he worked as an external consultant, also on various projects for Zur Rose, and ultimately heading the Zur Rose Pharma GmbH facility in Halle . CEO of Praevmedic AG, Zurich, until 2013. Previously held a number of management positions in international industrial companies. After a business education, he studied business administration at FHS St. Gallen University of Applied Sciences.
Corporate Governance zur rose articles of association
Corporate Governance zur rose articles of association
This Annual Report is also published in English. The German original version is authoritative. Editor: Zur Rose Group AG Frauenfeld. Concept and Design: schneiterpartner AG, Zürich. Technical Implementation: Linkgroup AG, Zürich
The Zur Rose Group applies the principles and rules of Corporate Governance set out in the “Swiss Code of Best Practice for Corporate Governance” of economiesuisse. The content and structure of this section comply with the Directive on Information relating to Corporate Governance issued by the SIX Swiss Exchange. Unless otherwise stated, all infor­mation relates to the reporting date of 31 December 2018. The key elements of corporate governance are defined in the Company’s Articles of Association, Organizational Regulations and Terms of Reference of the Committees of the Board of Directors. The Zur Rose Group publishes these documents online at .
Walter Oberhänsli , Executive Director and CEO Chairman of the Board from 1996 to 2011, serving as Executive Director and Chief Executive Officer since 2005. He practised as an independent lawyer in Kreuzlingen until the end of 2004 and studied law at the University of Zurich.
Media contact Zur Rose Group AG Lisa Lüthi Head of Corporate Communications T 41 52 724 08 14 media .dont-like-spam @ ich-will-kein-spam.

The gypsy rose article Act True Story Complete Timeline

Gypsy and Godejohn’s mugshots Shutterstock June 2015 On the day of the murder, per ABC News, Godejohn traveled to Missouri, checked into a motel, and awaited a text from Gypsy. When he got confirmation that Dee Dee was asleep, he went to the Blanchards’ house where Gypsy gave him a knife. She then went to hide in the bathroom with her hands over her ears while Godejohn stabbed Dee Dee to death.

It was later confirmed that Gypsy urged Godejohn to post the updates, to ensure that Dee Dee’s body would be found. “I couldn’t stand the thought of her just there because what happens if it would have taken months to find her, so I wanted her found so she could have a proper burial,” Gypsy told 20/20 .
That afternoon, a pair of disturbing posts appeared on Dee Dee’s Facebook page. “That Bitch is dead!” was the first message , leading friends and neighbors to wonder whether the account had been hacked. But the second message made it clear something was wrong, and prompted neighbors to alert the police: “I fucken SLASHED THAT FAT PIG AND RAPED HER SWEET INNOCENT DAUGHTER…HER SCREAM WAS SOOOO FUCKEN LOUD LOL.”
In her 2016 BuzzFeed article detailing the extraordinary case, Michelle Dean—who now serves as co-showrunner and executive producer on The Act —noted that Dee Dee’s behavior was indicative of Munchausen by Proxy syndrome . After two decades of being abused and effectively held prisoner, Gypsy came up with an escape plan, enlisting her boyfriend Nick Godejohn to murder Dee Dee.
If you haven’t already dived into the first four episodes of The Act then truly, what are you waiting for? If you have, and are curious to know more, here’s a comprehensive timeline of Dee Dee’s murder, Gypsy’s trial, and the disturbing sequence of events that preceded both.
Gypsy and Godejohn came up with a plan to stage a meeting in real life in Dee Dee’s presence, hoping that Dee Dee might allow them to date if she thought they met for the first time in person. Godejohn traveled to Springfield, Missouri to meet Gypsy and Dee Dee at a movie theater, where they were going to see Disney’s Cinderella . The meeting did not go as planned—Dee Dee hated Godejohn—but Gypsy was still able to sneak away and lose her virginity to Godejohn in a bathroom stall, according to her testimony at his trial.
Gypsy Rose receiving her sentencing Andrew Jansen February 22, 2019 Nicholas Godejohn was sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole for first-degree murder, and a concurrent 25-year sentence on the charge of armed criminal action.
Dee Dee and Gypsy move into a house built for them by Habitat for Humanity. The two moved from Slidell, Louisiana to Aurora, Missouri in September 2005, and lived in a rental home before the Habitat for Humanity house was completed. Per BuzzFeed , Dee Dee claimed that their home in Louisiana had been hit by Hurricane Katrina, and their apartment destroyed. She also claimed that Gypsy’s medical records had been destroyed in the flood and that her daughter suffered from a range of chronic illnesses all stemming from “chromosomal defects,” including muscular dystrophy, epilepsy, severe allergies, and asthma. At the time they moved into the house, Gypsy was wheelchair-bound and used a feeding tube and sometimes an oxygen tank.
Gypsy Rose and Dee Dee Blanchard Greene County Sheriff’s Office 2012 During this year, per BuzzFeed , Gypsy continued to use the internet in secret after Dee Dee went to bed. While using a Christian dating site, she eventually met a man named Nicholas Godejohn. He was from Big Bend, Wisconsin and had been diagnosed with autism . In 2013, he had pleaded no contest to disorderly conduct for allegedly viewing pornography on his laptop at a McDonald’s and touching himself inappropriately. Gypsy and Godejohn went on to have a secret online relationship for two and a half years.
Police agencies in Waukesha County, Wisconsin raided Godejohn’s family’s home in Big Bend, and took Gypsy and Godejohn into custody on charges of murder and felony armed criminal action. The pair were extradited back to Missouri and held on a $1 million bond. Although friends of the Blanchards were initially relieved to hear that Gypsy had been found alive, the Springfield sheriff warned in a press conference that “things are not always as they appear,” foreshadowing the news that would soon be reported. Soon, it emerged that Gypsy had never been sick, and Dee Dee had engineered the years-long ruse that had fooled their entire community.
The gypsy rose article Act True Story Complete Timeline
The gypsy rose article Act True Story Complete Timeline
Hulu’s new true-crime miniseries The Act , starring Patricia Arquette and Joey King, dramatizes the creepier-than-fiction story of Gypsy Rose Blanchard, who in 2016 was sentenced to ten years in prison for murdering her mother, Claudine “Dee Dee” Blanchard. Friends and neighbors knew Gypsy as a sickly, wheelchair-bound child, and Dee Dee as her devoted caregiver, but after Dee Dee’s death the truth emerged: gypsy rose article Gypsy was perfectly healthy, but had been forced to pretend otherwise by her mother. Over the first twenty years of her life, Gypsy was subjected to a battery of unnecessary medical procedures, forced to use a wheelchair and feeding tube, and denied any semblance of a normal life: She didn’t attend school past second grade, and never left the house without her mother.
After the murder, according to People , Gypsy and Godejohn stayed overnight at his motel in Springfield, before catching a bus to his home in Big Bend, Wisconsin on June 14.
According to ABC News , Dee Dee punished Gypsy after the movie theater incident. “She got jealous, because I was spending a little too much attention on him, and she had ordered me to stay away from him,” Gypsy told 20/20 . “And needless to say, that was a very long argument that lasted a couple weeks. Yelling, throwing things, calling me names: bitch, slut, whore.”
Both Gypsy and Godejohn say they had sex in Gypsy’s bed in the Blanchard house immediately following the murder, according to ABC News.
After obtaining a warrant, police entered the Blanchards’ house and found Dee Dee’s body. Woodmansee told police about Gypsy and Godejohn’s relationship, and the police were then able to obtain his IP address from Facebook, and track him and Gypsy down at his home in Wisconsin.
Take a deep dive into the chilling true story behind Hulu’s The Act .
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“I honestly thought he would end up not doing it,” Gypsy told 20/20 . “I heard her scream once, and there was more screaming but not like the kind in a horror film. Just like a startled scream, and she asked, ‘Who was it that was in the bedroom?’ And she called out to my name about three or four times, and at that point, I wanted to go help her so bad, but I was so afraid to get up. It’s like my body wouldn’t move. Then everything just went quiet.”
Gypsy pleaded guilty to murdering Dee Dee, and was sentenced to ten years in prison for second-degree murder. At the sentencing, prosecutor Dan Patterson noted the “extraordinary and unusual” circumstances of the case. He told the Springfield News-Leader that while he believed he could have secured a first-degree murder conviction, which can carry the death penalty or life without parole in the state of Missouri, he didn’t believe it would be fair given the abuse Gypsy had suffered.
Gypsy made her first, and seemingly only, escape attempt. After meeting a man at a science fiction convention she attended with Dee Dee, Gypsy began communicating with the man online. She was 19 at the time and the man was 35. He took Gypsy back to his hotel room, but Dee Dee found them and presented paperwork stating that Gypsy was a minor. In the HBO documentary Mommy Dead and Dearest , Gypsy recalls Dee Dee saying, “If you ever try to do that again, I’m going to smash your fingers with a hammer.” During Godejohn’s trial, Gypsy testified that after her escape attempt, Dee Dee smashed her computer and cellphones, and chained her to her bed for two weeks.
Nicholas Godejohn was found guilty of first-degree murder after a four day trial, during which Gypsy testified that the plan to kill Dee Dee originated with her, and spoke about the “master and slave” role that she and Godejohn assumed within their relationship. She also testified that Godejohn said he wanted to rape Dee Dee on the night of the murder, and that she had offered herself to him in her mother’s place.
This was the year Gypsy first confided in her neighbor, Aleah Woodmansee, about her relationship with Godejohn. According to BuzzFeed , Gypsy told Woodmansee that she and Godejohn were planning a future together, gypsy rose blanchard buzzfeed article

BlackPink’s Rose How a joke turned into blackpink rose article K

Park, who is now known by the stage name Rosé, and her bandmates Thai member Lisa Manoban; Jennie Kim, who grew up in New Zealand; and Korean-born and bred Ji Soo Kim are are filling a vital role for their agency: in the past year, many top girl groups, including YG’s 2NE1, have disbanded. BlackPink are part of a new wave of K-pop acts that includes nine-piece girl group Twice and seven-piece boy band BTS , that are breaking sales, YouTube and streaming records, and making inroads into foreign markets.
Melbourne singer Roseanne Park thought her father was joking when he suggested she audition for a Korean entertainment company.
Park hopes that future leads to fame in the west – especially at home.
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It was a busy schedule: she had lessons for vocals, dance, guitar and Japanese and Korean languages. Throughout her four years of training, the group had to constantly prove themselves to the label’s boss, Yang Hyun-Suk, known as YG: “We would have these tests at the end of every month with YG and we would prepare a dance and song performance as a group and individually.
BlackPink's Rose How a joke turned into blackpink rose article KBlackPink’s Rose How a joke turned into blackpink rose article K
Still, a sense of her real love of music and genuine astonishment at being chosen by one of South Korea’s most successful music agencies emerges in her answers, which veer from lengthy and detailed to evasive.
Within two months of passing the audition, the 16-year-old was on a plane to Seoul to begin training at YG Entertainment, one of Korea’s “big three” music companies.
Park speaks with the glass-half-full attitude of one whose emails are vetted by her management – standard practice when dealing with the major K-pop companies, who are fastidious when it comes to their artists’ media representation . The answers to the interview questions – those that were acknowledged – arrived in a document titled “FINAL”.
BlackPink’s As If It’s Your Last is out now.
Roseanne Park from Melbourne, was encouraged to audition for K-pop agency YG Entertainment by her father.
Four years later, she is top of iTunes charts in 18 countries and breaking YouTube viewing records with her K-pop group BlackPink.
“Coming to YG entertainment as a trainee was one of the most challenging yet most life changing periods of my life.”
A handful of Australians have gone to Korea seeking fame in the K-pop world, including Sydney singer Kevin Kim, blackpink rose article who now hosts a radio show for SBS Pop Asia, and had some chart success with the boy band Z:EA. But Park and her group have already eclipsed them all.
“In Korea we think of their success as rather moderate compared to what we expect from YG. Many people think of them as a much better looking version of 2NE1, which is also where their biggest criticism arises: ‘They’re just a cuter version of 2NE1 and nothing more!'”
“I always played music for more as a hobby,” the singer said.

With chart success and a strong international fanbase, BlackPink appear to have already made it, but K-pop is a tough industry, and music writer Mimyo, from web magazine Idology , says the group has a tough road ahead.
“It’s a good pop song, appealing to general public. K-pop nowadays seem to have too many layers of meanings, like concepts, metaphors, biographical facts, alleged secret messages to fans … It makes K-pop more interesting, but sometimes people get tired and want to listen to simple, dancey, pop songs. Sistar, who just disbanded, used to offer that. K-pop girl groups always need attention from a larger following, compared to boy groups . So, if I’m right and if it goes well, BlackPink might have a brighter future.”
Their latest single won’t do much to allay those critics: it was reportedly meant to be recorded by their predecessors.
And Mimyo says their third, digital-only single Playing with Fire was a turning point that signalled a path out of niche fandom to a broad audience.
“I’m just dreaming that one day I’ll be able to come back to my home town and perform for everyone.”
K-pop girl group BlackPink featuring Melbourne singer Roseanne Park, aka Rosé with Lisa, norton rose articles

The Act Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and gypsy rose blanchard scholarly articles the Law

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MBP is a difficult concept for professionals, much less juries, to grasp, because it includes hidden abuse perpetrated by an apparently loving other . Sharp Objects and The Act may be very helpful in drawing it into juror’s consciousness. Another work that may be helpful in this way is Sickened , an excellent and heartbreaking first-person memoir of Julie Gregory, who suffered medical child abuse victimization at the hands of her mother. 4 Like The Act , Sickened demonstrates an extreme case of MBP, including the mother demanding invasive procedures such as open heart surgery and keeping the child out of school to drive her miles away to find a doctor who would perform the most invasive procedure. Unthinkably, her mother also failed to take her to a doctor right away when she was complaining of pain from a visibly swollen, broken wrist after a fall on the playground. Unlike Gypsy Rose, who found no opportunity to speak out against her mother, when Ms. Gregory attempted to tell adults the truth of her horrific victimization, she was not believed even by her peers at school.
After watching the series, one may find it difficult to reconcile that Gypsy Rose is still serving a ten-year sentence for her part in the murder of her mother. In these cases, there is often a role for forensic psychiatrists to educate the court on the damage that systematic child abuse can cause, and depending on the case there could be evidence for an extreme emotional disturbance or mitigation defense, depending on the jurisdiction’s laws. The acting in this series is inarguably compelling, and the story helps to shed light on this serious and often overlooked phenomenon that can result in multiple tragedies. For these reasons, it will be of interest to many forensic psychiatrists.
The limited series does not attempt to justify Dee-Dee Blanchard’s murder at the hands of Nicholas, but it does succeed in allowing the viewer to empathize with Gypsy Rose’s situation. It is unusual that the victim of murder is not the empathetic character. News articles have reported that the Blanchards were not contacted about The Act and there may be factual inaccuracies. 5 Despite this, the series is a thoughtful portrayal of how victims of MBP might not be considered as culpable because they are programmed since young children and often are not given a say during the medical visits. Once Gypsy Rose was older, she clearly did not want to disappoint her mother, whom she understood needed her to be sick. In addition, as seen in Sickened , often people who do speak out are not believed because no one wants to believe that a mother could purposely make her child sick or enlist the medical community to perform unnecessary procedures on her child.

The series portrays how DeeDee and Gypsy Rose gained attention because of how sick young Gypsy Rose appeared. Gypsy and her family made multiple Make A Wish trips to Disney, and a home was built for them by Habitat for Humanity. Gypsy Rose’s mother and the doctors and hospital staff all failed her. A recent systematic literature review of medical child abuse found that the perpetrators are overwhelmingly mothers, and about one third of the time they had also been maltreated as children. gypsy rose blanchard scholarly articles 1 Professionals are often found to have a blind-spot in diagnosing medical child abuse. Gypsy Rose’s father, who lived several states away and was not involved in the abuse, consistent with the literature, was unaware of the abuse and unaware of specific details of Gypsy Rose’s alleged illness. 2
The Act Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and gypsy rose blanchard scholarly articles the LawThe Act Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and gypsy rose blanchard scholarly articles the Law
The novel and television series, Sharp Objects , also addressed MBP, also known as factitious disorder imposed on another and medical child abuse. 3 Despite Sharp Objects being fictional, that portrayal seemed even more realistic than the dramatization of Gypsy Rose’s life as it was dramatized in The Act because Gypsy Rose’s abuse was so extreme.
On June 14, 2015, DeeDee Blanchard was found dead by multiple stab wounds in her Habitat for Humanity home. Gypsy Rose, whom neighbors had thought was confined to a wheelchair, was gone and feared dead. The Act series dramatizes Gypsy Rose’s longing to be a normal teenager, including putting on makeup and going out with boys, with her efforts thwarted by her mother who lied about her birthdate and kept Gypsy Rose four years younger than her actual age. Instead of dating boys, Gypsy Rose has her food blended and given through a PEG tube in her stomach, which she does not need. She is wheeled by her mother in a wheelchair although she can actually walk. She must sleep with a CPAP machine that her mother often monitors by sleeping in the same bed as the teenage Gypsy Rose. DeeDee also perpetrated physical abuse and tied Gypsy Rose to the bed with scarves as punishment.
Despite the heavy-handed monitoring by her mother, Gypsy Rose finds a way to set up a Facebook account and use an online dating website. Through this online dating site, she meets Nicholas Godejohn , who claimed to have multiple personalities, and starts a secret romance with him which includes BDSM fantasy. She tried to arrange a chance meeting with her mother and Nicholas at a movie theater, but DeeDee does not play along and keeps Gypsy Rose away from him.
Disclosures of financial or other potential conflicts of interest: None.
In this eight-episode dramatization of real events involving Munchausen syndrome by proxy and matricide, viewers learn the story of Gypsy Rose Blanchard through the relationship with her mother, DeeDee Blanchard . This story was sensationalized in international news headlines in 2015 and affords an example of truth being stranger than fiction. It strains credulity even while watching the real events unfold: Gypsy Blanchard was confined to a wheelchair for most of her childhood, had her parotid glands removed for excessive drooling, and had a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube placed for feeding, when nothing was actually medically wrong with her.
These stories should serve as important reminders to psychiatrists that while the diagnosis of MBP or factitious disorder imposed on another may be thought-provoking psychological phenomena, the child who is abused should be the focus more than the mother’s psychopathology. It is not uncommon that those children who kill a parent have been victimized by abuse. While we traditionally conceptualize this abuse as physical, as this series demonstrates, it can also be medical child abuse. why apply to norton rose fulbright

The Story of Gypsy Rose Blanchard and Her gypsy rose news article Mother

Comment MORE STORIES FROM BIOGRAPHY History & Culture Mother Teresa: The Miracles That Made Her a Saint Two separate miracles of healing were credited to Mother Teresa after her death, which made it possible for her to be canonized as Saint Teresa.
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Comment Gypsy Rose Blanchard grew up with her mother, Dee Dee Blanchard, making claims about her health that resulted in a series of dire diagnoses and medical interventions. However, Gypsy wasn’t actually unwell — her mother had been lying about her symptoms. Experts believe Dee Dee’s behavior stemmed from the mental disorder Munchausen syndrome by proxy; because Dee Dee wanted to be a caretaker, she feigned and induced illness in her daughter. The truth about Gypsy and her mother only came out after Gypsy arranged for an online boyfriend to murder Dee Dee in 2015.
Gypsy Rose Blanchard and her mother, Dee Dee
READ: Gypsy Rose Blanchard Is ‘Happy’ and ‘Optimistic’ in Prison: Interview with Rod Blanchard, Gypsy’s Father
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Yet the truth was that Gypsy could walk, didn’t need a feeding tube and did not have cancer. Her head was bald only because her mother shaved off her hair. Experts believe Dee Dee had a mental illness known as Munchausen syndrome by proxy , which made her fabricate her daughter’s ill health in order to receive attention and sympathy for taking care of a sick child.
Today Gypsy is healthy. She’s also said she enjoys more freedom in prison than in the life she shared with Dee Dee. However, when asked by Dr. Phil if she was glad her mother was dead, she stated, “I’m glad that I’m out of that situation, but I’m not happy she’s dead.” She is eligible for parole in 2024.
When Gypsy was 14, she saw a neurologist in Missouri who came to believe she was a victim of Munchausen syndrome by proxy. However, this doctor never reported her case to authorities. In later interviews, he stated his belief that there wasn’t enough evidence to act. In 2009, an anonymous report was made to authorities stating that Dee Dee’s accounts of Gypsy’s ailments had no medical basis. This resulted in two caseworkers visiting their home, but Dee Dee convinced them there was nothing wrong.
The Story of Gypsy Rose Blanchard and Her gypsy rose news article MotherThe Story of Gypsy Rose Blanchard and Her gypsy rose news article Mother
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Dr. Marc Feldman, an expert in Munchausen syndrome by proxy, said of Gypsy’s life and actions, “The control was total in the same sense that the control of a kidnapped victim sometimes is total. Her daughter was, in essence, a hostage, and I think we can understand the crime that occurred subsequently in terms of a hostage trying to gain escape.”

As Gypsy grew older, Dee Dee began to lie about her age, going so far as to alter the dates on Gypsy’s birth certificate to make her daughter seem younger. But Gypsy was still becoming harder for Dee Dee to control.
Medical tests often showed inconclusive or contradictory results regarding Gypsy’s diagnoses, but Dee Dee would stop seeing any doctors who questioned her daughter’s ailments. And many caregivers went along with what Dee Dee wanted. She’d had some nurse’s training, so she could accurately describe symptoms, and she sometimes gave Gypsy medication to mimic certain conditions. Dee Dee was also charming and seemed devoted to her daughter. When Gypsy was old enough to talk, Dee Dee instructed her not to volunteer information during their appointments — she was always the one relating Gypsy’s fake medical history.
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Photo: Courtesy of Investigation Discovery
Due to Dee Dee’s actions, Gypsy was prescribed a litany of medications and had to sleep using a breathing machine. She also went through multiple surgeries, including procedures on her eyes and removal of her salivary glands. When Gypsy’s teeth rotted — perhaps due to her medications, missing salivary glands or neglect — they were pulled out.
After Dee Dee’s murder, gypsy rose news article many people who’d known Gypsy wondered why she had gone so far as to kill her. Since she could walk, she simply could’ve exposed Dee Dee’s lies by standing up in public. Yet Gypsy had been conditioned to think no one would believe her. She explained, “I couldn’t just jump out of the wheelchair because I was afraid and I didn’t know what my mother would do. I didn’t have anyone to trust.”
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In 2011, Gypsy tried to get away from her mother by running away with a man she’d met at a science fiction convention. But Dee Dee soon tracked them down via mutual friends. She convinced the man that Gypsy was a minor, though she was actually 19 at the time. According to Gypsy, Dee Dee smashed her computer and physically restrained her to her bed after they returned home. Gypsy has also stated her mother would sometimes hit her and deny her food.
The fact was that Gypsy had spent her entire life being controlled and monitored by her mother. She wasn’t allowed to go to school. Though Gypsy was of normal intelligence, Dee Dee told everyone her daughter had a mental age of seven. When they were out in public, Dee Dee constantly held Gypsy’s hand, squeezing it when she wanted her daughter to be quiet.
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In 2008, Gypsy and Dee Dee moved into a new home in Springfield, Missouri. Built by Habitat for Humanity , it was painted pink and had a wheelchair ramp. Gypsy and Dee Dee also received benefits that included charity-sponsored visits to concerts and Disney World. All along, Dee Dee continued to bask in the attention she received for being a devoted caretaker.
Gypsy has stated it was only after Dee Dee’s death that she realized the extent of her mother’s deception. While Gypsy had known she could walk and eat regular food, she had believed she had leukemia.
Dee Dee claimed to be a victim of Hurricane Katrina , so she and Gypsy received assistance to relocate from Louisiana to Missouri in 2005. There, Dee Dee continued to bring Gypsy to doctor’s appointments. Hurricane Katrina also provided an excuse for missing medical files.
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Photo: Courtesy of Investigation Discovery
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Gypsy and Godejohn returned to his home in Wisconsin, where they were found by police. Gypsy had twice posted to the Facebook account she shared with her mother, once writing, “That b***h is dead!” She later explained she made the posts because she wanted her mother’s body to be discovered.
Gypsy Rose, who was born in 1991, was a baby when Dee Dee claimed her daughter had sleep apnea. When Gypsy was eight years old, Dee Dee described her as suffering from leukemia and muscular dystrophy and said she required a wheelchair and feeding tube. The list of medical problems that Dee Dee related about her daughter would go on to include seizures, asthma and hearing and visual impairments.
Dee Dee told Gypsy’s father, Rod Blanchard, that their daughter had a chromosomal disorder that had led to her many health issues. He complimented Dee Dee for her devoted care. When some of Dee Dee’s family noticed that Gypsy didn’t seem to need a wheelchair and asked questions, Dee Dee and Gypsy moved away.
Gypsy eventually managed to get back online. She joined a Christian dating site, where she met Nicholas Godejohn. She told him the truth about her mother’s actions and ended up asking him to kill Dee Dee so they could be together. In June 2015, he came to her house and stabbed Dee Dee while Gypsy waited, ears covered, in the bathroom.
As Gypsy’s medical records documented the abuse she’d been subjected to, her lawyer was able to arrange a plea deal for the charges she faced in Dee Dee’s death; gypsy rose blanchard news article

Review tricia rose article in black noise on JSTOR

Preview Preview Journal Information American Music publishes articles on American composers, performers, publishers, institutions, events, and the music industry, as well as book and recording reviews, bibliographies, and discographies. Recent article topics have included: Duke Ellington and early radio; John Cage’s HPSCHD; the WPA music copying project; defining the Easy Listening era; Milton Babbitt in academia; the soul roots of Bruce Springsteen; the benefit concerts of Jack Benny and Danny Kaye; and the boyhood of Henry Cowell.  The journal also includes interviews with composers and reviews of books, recordings, films, websites, and concerts.
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Rose Article about rose article rose flower by The Free Dictionary

The rose is the emblem of England and the national flower of the United States. It is the official flower of New York state; the wild rose, of Iowa; the prairie rose, of North Dakota; and the American Beauty, of the District of Columbia. Practical uses of roses, besides their importance as a source of perfume, include a delicate-flavored jelly made from the fruits, called rose hips, of some wild species. Thorny rambling roses, such as the Oriental multiflora rose, are much used as hedge and erosion control plants in agriculture, highway landscaping, and wildlife preserves.
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The rose has been a favorite flower in many lands since prehistoric times. It appears in the earliest art, poetry, and tradition. It has been used in innumerable ways in decoration. In ancient times it was used medically—Pliny lists 32 remedies made of its petals and leaves. Formerly it was eaten in salads and conserves. It was sacred to Aphrodite and was a favorite flower of the Romans, who spread its culture wherever their armies conquered. Among the old species are the cabbage rose and the damask rose, both native to the Caucasus; the latter especially is cultivated for the perfume oil attar of roses attar of roses , or rose oil, fragrant essential oil obtained from roses and used in making perfume. It is one of the most valuable of the volatile oils. Rose water is water in which a small amount of the oil is dissolved. ….. Click the link for more information. . The famous roses of England include the white rose that was the emblem of the house of York and the red rose of the house of Lancaster in the Wars of the Roses. The rambler rose, frequently grown on trellises and porches, and the tea and hybrid tea roses are of more recent origin, the result of modern rose culture, which really began when the East India Company’s ships brought new everblooming or monthly roses from the Orient.
The family is especially abundant in E Asia, Europe, and North America, article rose flower where species of almost half of the family’s genera are indigenous, especially in the Pacific coastal area. Many of the Rosaceae are thorny, and most are characterized by the presence of stipules on the leaf, by flowers having five sets of parts, by a fleshy fruit, such as a rose hip or an apple, that is derived in large part from a cup-shaped enlargement of the flower stalk, and by the near absence of endosperm in the seed.

See the American Rose Annual, issued by the American Rose Society; R. Genders, The Rose: A Complete Handbook ; S. M. Gault and P. M. Synge, The Dictionary of Roses in Color .
Rose Article about rose article rose flower by The Free DictionaryRose Article about rose article rose flower by The Free Dictionary
Roses are classified in the division Magnoliophyta Magnoliophyta , division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue . ….. Click the link for more information. , class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Rosaceae.
The most popular ornamentals of the family, and among the most esteemed of all cultivated plants, are the true roses. Rosa occurs indigenously in the north temperate zone and in tropical mountain areas, usually as erect or climbing shrubs with five-petaled fragrant flowers. Sometimes the foliage also is fragrant, as in the European sweetbrier sweetbrier,   sweetbriar, or eglantine , wild rose of Europe , cultivated and now naturalized in the United States. ….. Click the link for more information. , or eglantine. From many of the wild species have been developed the large number of cultivated varieties and hybrids having single or double blossoms that range in color from white and yellow to many shades of pink and red. Since many species are highly variable and hybridize easily, the classification of Rosa is sometimes difficult, and the wild type of some modern forms is not always known. what makes norton rose fulbright unique

The chosen one derrick rose article Derrick Rose living the dream of Chicago’s fervent hoops community

“The word was out on him in the city when he was in middle school,” Richardson said. “People were talking about him even then, that he was going to be the next one from the city. When I saw him when he was in high school. It was D. Rose and Sherron Collins, who was about to go to Kansas. And it was basically, who you want? D-Rose wasn’t there yet but he was on the way and Sherron was a senior and a McDonald’s All-American. Sherron averaged 30 and was gunning that thing. D. Rose was more of an all-around player, made plays for everybody and just had that next-level instinct. Plus he was taller and had that longer, lean athletic body. You could see he was going to be special even then.”
There was also a very vocal segment of the fan base that turned on Rose when he sat out the entire 2012-13 season recovering from his ACL surgery. He was cleared by the Bulls’ medical staff to return to full contact practice in January but never played in a game. And the Bulls advanced to the conference semifinals without him, losing to eventual champion Miami Heat.
Chicago’s run deep. It’s a generational love affair with the game, a passion that has to be experienced to wrap your head around why it means so much to so many.
Still, he will feel that Chicago love. The kind Thomas said you only get back home, when it feels like an entire city can shelter its own from the cold, harsh realities they might face outside of that cocoon.
With basketball serving as the foundation, today’s wave of Chicago players is a tight-knit community
Tremaglio, who has served as an advisor to the NBPA since 2012, will succeed Michele Roberts upon her retirement at the end of the year.
Rockets guard Eric Gordon, Indiana’s Mr Basketball and also a top-five recruit in that high school class of 2007, teamed up with Rose the summer before their senior year and torched the competition from coast to coast on the summer circuit.
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“The thing about it is it was authentic,” said Johnson, now the Bulls Insider for NBC Sports Chicago. “It was a genuine connection because Derrick not only was fantastic on the court, he also carried a lot of the qualities Chicagoans respect off the court: humble, unassuming, hard-working good teammate, didn’t want a lot of attention on himself.”
To long lineage of local NBA players, city’s rich hoops history stands above all
The word was out on him in the city when he was in middle school. People were talking about him even then, that he was going to be the next one from the city.”
But Rose was a link to a glorious past, an outstanding present and promising future.
A basketball prodigy born and raised in the city, Rose will receive a hero’s welcome during All-Star 2020 in his hometown. But it’s not the storybook ending Chicagoans wished it would be, with Rose representing the Bulls during the league’s showcase weekend. He’s not returning as an All-Star, though he’s certainly performed well enough this season in Detroit to have warranted serious consideration.
The chosen one derrick rose article Derrick Rose living the dream of Chicago's fervent hoops communityThe chosen one derrick rose article Derrick Rose living the dream of Chicago’s fervent hoops community
With basketball serving as the foundation, today’s wave of Chicago players is a tight-knit community
K.C. Johnson spent 29 years chronicling the local sports scene for the Chicago Tribune and he was on the Bulls beat for the entirety of Rose’s tenure with the franchise. An Evanston native, Johnson is a lifelong Chicagoan himself, giving him a unique perspective on Rose’s wild ride.
The players at the 1988 All-Star Weekend weren’t there to just show up — they showed out
Minnesota finished near the bottom of the West during Gersson Rosas’ tenure, going 19-45 in 2019-20 and 23-49 last season.
FantasyPros helps you prep with 11 potential fantasy breakouts for this season.
By exercising their rookie scale options, both players will be under contract with the Bulls for the 2022-23 season.
“It was huge because he was somebody who embraced the responsibility of playing for his hometown team, rather than running from it,” Johnson said. “A lot of players that burden becomes too heavy. Derrick not only embraced it, he enjoyed it. And he did it in a way where he wasn’t beating his chest and shouting it. He was doing it with his play and with the way he comported himself on and off the court.”

“Derrick Rose is an All-Star. He is getting to where he wants to go with the ball, and he is picking double teams apart,” Casey said. “Guys are being more comfortable now playing against blitzes and traps, and he is playing like an All-Star… I’m going to tell everybody, he should be an All-Star, he is an All-Star.”
Before the ACL, everything was storybook, fairy tale and almost too good to be true, Johnson said. Afterwards, things got a little messy and complicated.
The Hall of Fame big man dishes on how he ended up in Boston in 2007 and other key moments in his storied NBA career.
At his core, he stayed the same before and after the ACL injury that altered the trajectory of his career.
“If the people that criticized him knew him, if they really knew him, they’d have known how much it was tearing him up not to be out there,” Richardson said. “This is a man that has never cheated the game a day in his life, not one. To have it snatched away like that, it had to be the worst thing ever. And that’s also what makes what he’s done since then so sweet. The boy is back to looking the way he did before all of the injuries.”
An Indianapolis native, Gordon said he couldn’t imagine what it must have been like for Rose coming home after his All-American freshman season at Memphis, to the pressures of being the No.1 overall pick with the hopes and dreams of a city and the hometown team on your shoulders.
Richardson said Rose’s athleticism, even as a high school player, was jaw-dropping.
“My dad has always been the one telling me about our history,” he sad. “I’m talking about all the way back to Cazzie Russell and Jerry Sloan and guys of his era and since then, as well as players before them. We just have a long history to embrace. And all of those guys who come up are going to remember Derrick. They are going to know Derrick. And that’s really special about it, because in a lot of ways he paved the way for everybody from Chicago that’s come after him.”
Rose’s work ethic and love for the game is what endeared him to Bulls fans before an ACL injury and knee issues sidetracked him during what should have been the physical prime of his career. It’s what has carried him through his toughest times as a pro, which includes a nasty fallout with the Bulls, who traded him to New York on June 22, 2016.
Parker believes Rose is in the midst of authoring yet another intriguing chapter in one of Chicago’s greatest basketball stories.
“That was a different time,” Gordon said. “It wasn’t like AAU ball today. We had like six or seven guys, at most, on our team. That’s it. And we went around the country taking over every court we touched. It was so much fun.”
Pistons coach Dwane Casey certainly thinks so.
Sekou Smith is a veteran NBA reporter and NBA TV analyst. You can e-mail him here , find his archive here and follow him on Twitter .
“Everybody remembers that,” said Heat rookie Kendrick Nunn, who won four straight state titles alongside Parker at Simeon, and along with Wilson, Bobby Simmons, Rose and Parker are the only players in school history to have their jersey numbers retired. “I remember people talking about how Derrick had put the national spotlight on Simeon, the public league and the city in general. The whole city felt it.”
At his zenith, derrick rose article Rose captivated fans and his NBA peers from the city, past, present and future. And that still resonates today.
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Former Chicago Tribune writer K.C. Johnson
All these years later and he still hears the chants when he’s standing at the free-throw line at the United Center.
“He was just crazy explosive,” Richardson said. “He was so unassuming. He’d come down the court and everything was so fast and sudden, it was crazy. He was playing 100 miles an hour but never changed his expression. He was so humble and unassuming. And still everybody that saw him knew he was the one. They gave him Benji’s number at Simeon. They knew it, he was the one.”
After feeling a bit overwhelmed last season, Miami’s sharpshooter is in a good place mentally and poised to elevate his game in 2021-22.
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“And not only did he live it, he became MVP of the league,” Thomas said. “It doesn’t get any higher than that. It just doesn’t. That’s why you not only have to see him and protect him, you have to make sure he gets the right knowledge around him, because you know he could be the voice out of Chicago that speaks to the world.”
“And that goes into our sport, in the way you compete, the way you never give up, the way you accept all the challenges and the way you don’t cry about it,” Thomas said. “So when you come to a basketball game and it’s time to compete and you rise up to the highest level, in our sport, you’re a mythical figure. And for us, what Derrick Rose represents and what he still represents is that you can overcome the struggle. Not only can you overcome it, even when you get knocked down, you can still get up and walk. That’s what Derrick Rose is for all of us.”
“He’s a living, flesh-and-blood embodiment of all our dreams,” Hall of Famer and Chicago hoops icon Isiah Thomas said of Rose. “Because every kid in the city grew up dreaming of playing for the Chicago Bulls and hearing our name called running out of that tunnel. That’s every kid’s dream. And Derrick Rose is the one … basically, he was the chosen one to live that dream.
“Nah, I never did it for that, I never in my life played to be in that game,” Rose said. “If people decide to put me in there, that’s cool. But if not, I’m going to keep playing the way that I’m playing. ”
“Derrick made the best of it. I mean, he was the MVP,” said Gordon, who remains close with Rose to this day and still works out with him in the offseason. “The injuries … that happens. It’s a part of it. You can’t do anything about it. But look at what he’s come back from to play at a high level now. I can’t say I’m surprised because I know how talented he’s always been and how hard he works. He works like crazy and he just loves the game.”
“There’s a historical love that is always acknowledged and appreciated by players who come out of Chicago because of what we saw our mothers, fathers and grandmothers have to go through,” Thomas said. “Their struggle, their everyday struggle, was in our face. In our house. No food, no heat, no lights. But we always seen them maintain and keep their dignity.
Two East squads have the roster pieces and intangibles to take a big step forward in 2021-22.
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Parker, the No. 2 pick in the 2014 Draft, said he went to Simeon instead of his neighborhood high school because of Rose, who is seven years older.
Rose was generating buzz well beyond Chicagoland by then. The basketball world was certainly aware of him, and that included established pros like Quentin Richardson, who was in the midst of a 13-year NBA career after starring on at state championship team at Whitney Young in 1998 and at DePaul for two seasons before being selected by the LA Clippers with the 18th overall pick in the 2000 NBA Draft.
It goes beyond the city limits, too, spreading in every direction throughout the “Chicagoland” area, which has produced some of the greatest and most impactful players in NBA history . From Joliet’s George Mikan, the league’s first superstar in the 1940s and 50s; to Thomas, a West Sider who is generally regarded as the best player ever from the city; all the way to Dwyane Wade, a surefire future Hall of Famer; and now Los Angeles Lakers superstar Anthony Davis, who carries the torch for Chicago as one of the league’s five best current players. The list is long and legendary, filled with prep and college stars who reached various levels of fame and achievement in the NBA.
The fantasy every youngster in this fierce, basketball-mad city dared to dream at one time or another, to represent Chicago in a Bulls uniform and do it at the highest level.
Rose won a city and state title at Simeon as a junior, when he hurried the game-winner in overtime to deliver Simeon’s first championship since that Wilson-led team won it all in 1984. They repeated as the city and state champions his senior year, becoming the first Chicago Public League school to win back-to-back titles.
… Every time he comes , no matter if he’s wearing a Timberwolves uniform or a Pistons uniform, he gets the MVP chants he got when he was playing with the Bulls.”
Perhaps that’s why Thomas, Parker, Richardson, Nunn and so many others swell with pride when describing how important Rose is to the culture of Chicago basketball.
He was adamant that Rose deserved to be an All-Star this season, praising him publicly at every turn.
His father Robert “Sonny” Parker, a Chicago legend himself at Farragut Career Academy and the 17th pick in the 1976 NBA Draft, had always schooled his son on the city’s brilliant basketball history. Like Jabari Parker would later, Rose wore No. 25 at Simeon in honor of Ben “Benji” Wilson, the budding star who led Simeon to the 1984 state title before he was murdered by a gang member in his senior year.
He said he knew then that Rose was destined for even greater things at the next level.
But even in the weeks leading up to the All-Star announcements, when there was a buzz and still a chance he might complete a comeback story for the ages and be named an All-Star, Rose didn’t get lost in the moment.
“When we’re coming up in Chicago, that’s our culture, basketball,” Jabari Parker said. “Simeon was definitely a powerhouse program in the city. But for a while the Red West was the place to be, with Westinghouse, Crane and Marshall. The Red South wasn’t really a thing until Derrick resurrected the Red South and the program at Simeon, because up to that point we hadn’t been a power since the late 80s and 90s. He was definitely the reason I went there and we were able to preserve the rich legacy of the program.”
“That’s why his redemption to me is so fun to watch, because every time he comes here, no matter if he’s wearing a Timberwolves uniform or a Pistons uniform, he gets the MVP chants he got when he was playing with the Bulls,” article rose flower

The story of rose article the ‘queen of flowers’

New connotations also evolved around the rose, most notably in politics. In 15th-Century England, the houses of York and Lancaster fought for control of the throne in the Wars of the Roses. When the first Tudor monarch, Henry VII, defeated Richard III and married Elizabeth of York, he created the Tudor Rose out of the red rose of Lancaster and the white rose of York. “The contrast of the military might with the delicate rose proved irresistible,” writes Faiers of the Tudor Rose, which is now a national symbol of England. As well, because of its colour, the red rose has become linked with communism and socialism, and is the symbol of Britain’s Labour Party.
The story of rose article the ‘queen of flowers’The story of rose article the ‘queen of flowers’
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As for the political and patriotic connotations of the rose, heritage brand Kent & Curwen has been playing with them in an English context. “There’s definitely a pride in wearing that sort of crest on your chest,” says creative director Daniel Kearns of the rose – “a great English symbol” – which, for the past five-odd years has been emblazoned in Lancaster red on many of the brand’s outfits. Kearns, however, also appreciates the flower’s other meanings, and feels it far transcends its regal roots in England. “It’s become itself a kind of iconography that stands alone,” he tells BBC Culture. “It’s associated with love, it’s associated with nature, with art, with all kinds of things, and I think in that way it creates a kind of broader subject.”
In spite of its reputation and appearances in the spheres of literature, art, and politics in Europe, it wasn’t until the 18th Century that roses, especially in England and France, began to be cultivated in earnest. The introduction of the China rose into Europe in the middle of the century sparked a fascination for all things rosy, and clothes were no exception. “By the end of the 18th Century,” writes scholar François Joyaux in Ravishing, “the rose was not only in minds and gardens: it was everywhere, in home decor, the ornamentation of furniture, the adornment of women”.
While designers have been drawing on the symbolism of the rose for centuries, and, as de la Haye says, “ in the last 10 to 15 years,” Hill, like Van Noten, admits that most consumers don’t think about what it connotes. “Most people appreciate roses for their beauty above all else,” she says. Faiers also emphasises that this beauty is not only superficial, but also – and more importantly – transformative; and it is this transformative beauty that is at the heart of the exhibition. “The simple addition of a rose worn in a buttonhole added to a corsage,” as Faiers points out, “can turn the wearers into princes and princesses”.
On a more sombre note, Shakespeare, in his 35th sonnet, commented on the ephemerality and fleeting beauty of the delicate rose: “And loathsome canker lives in the sweetest bud,” he wrote. This subject also served as the inspiration for William Blake’s poem The Sick Rose. Similarly, during World War One, roses – like the lone rose blooming in the barren landscape of René Magritte’s 1945 painting l’Utopie – became “emblematic of the beauty and fragility of life”, according to de la Haye, and were picked and dried in memory of the dead, and enclosed in letters.
The Roses of Heliogabalus by Lawrence Alma-Tadema depicts guests drowning in a shower of rose petals at a decadent Roman feast
A 2011 Kenzo ensemble in silk chiffon is among the exhibits displayed at Ravishing: The Rose in Fashion
As in ancient Egypt, both fresh and artificial roses were worn in Europe from the 18th Century onwards, but rose motifs also found their way on to silks and other fabrics . The flower, says Colleen Hill, another curator of the MFIT exhibition, lent itself particularly well in this regard. “One of the things that makes the rose such an exceptional motif in fashion is its ability to be rendered in myriad ways. The rose can be ‘sculpted’ from fabric, printed, woven, or painted. It can be abstracted and still recognised as a rose.”
Loading Style  |  Fashion The story of the ‘queen of flowers’ Share using Email Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Share on Linkedin By Joobin Bekhrad 15th September 2020 The rose has been associated with everything from debauchery to purity. Joobin Bekhrad explores the myths and meanings behind one of fashion’s favourite motifs. “It might well be said of this beautiful flower, that nature has exhausted herself in trying to lavish on it the freshness of beauty, of form, perfume, brilliancy, and grace.” This is how Charlotte de la Tour describes the rose in her famous book Le Langage des Fleurs . In it, the rose occupies a central and almost hallowed position. Her sentiments were nothing new; before the publication of her book in 1819, the rose had – for millennia – been prized for its beauty, both aesthetic and olfactory. Like de La Tour, the Greek writer Achilles Tatius called the rose the “queen of flowers” in the second century AD, and to Persian poets like Hafez , its loveliness was unrivalled. And the rose continues to be strongly associated with beauty today, as it does with love; but within its folds lie many other connotations, some of which aren’t as rosy. Ravishing: The Rose in Fashion, an upcoming spring 2021 exhibition at the Museum at FIT , explores the myriad meanings of what is perhaps the most symbolically rich – and controversial – flower, not only in fashion but in everything from mythology and literature to religion and politics.

It was because of such associations that Christianity was initially opposed to the use of the rose as a symbol for the Virgin Mary. “The early Church fathers,” Richard Webster explains, “loathed the rose, because they associated it with the lust and debauchery they saw in the Roman Empire”. Ultimately, however, the rose prevailed, and was declared “the most perfect of flowers,” according to Teresa McLean in her book Medieval English Gardens, “one which had been without thorns when it grew in Paradise, until the disobedience of Adam and Eve…” Consequently, Mary came to be represented by a white and thornless rose. rose article Nicholas Hilliard’s famous ‘Pelican’ portrait of Elizabeth I , in which the queen appears beneath a thornless rose, illustrates the rose’s newfound Christian associations with chastity.
Created in the 1950s by Elsa Schiaparelli, a hat complete with red-and-green silk organza rose
–        The millennials redefining sexy
In Nicholas Hilliard’s portrait of Elizabeth l , the queen is shown beneath a thornless rose, signifying chastity
Ravishing: The Rose in Fashion features among its exhibits a Dior silk cocktail dress from 1960
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Designer Richard Quinn is fascinated by the purity of roses, and how that meaning can be subverted
The Romans didn’t import the rose simply to gaze at in their gardens, though; they exploited the flower to its fullest. Mairi Mackenzie writes in the show’s accompanying book that rose perfume and water were used by people of varying social classes – as scents, in food and wine, and for bathing purposes. And, far before Jagger and Richards promised little Susie to put roses on her grave, the Romans, Pavord says, used roses “in garlands to honour the tombs and spirits of the dead”. Then there were the petals. It was customary, for example, to use them as carpets on special occasions, but sometimes things got out of hand. In his 1888 painting The Roses of Heliogabalus, Lawrence Alma-Tadema depicts a feast at which some of the emperor’s guests are being drowned – literally – in a shower of rose petals. While the incident’s authenticity has been doubted, it isn’t too implausible. Jonathan Faiers, a professor at the UK’s Winchester School of Art, describes Heliogabalus as “juvenile and hedonistic”; and, as Richard Webster notes in his book Magical Symbols of Love and Romance, the emperor Nero reportedly spent four million sesterces on petals for a single banquet. “It’s a commentary on, sort of, the decadence of the period,” de la Haye tells BBC Culture.
This is all, of course, not mentioning the Rosalia, the extravagant rose festival held annually in Rome; and the link with decadence also extended into Roman religion. It was believed that Cupid gave a rose to Harpocrates – an Egyptian god who to the Greeks and Romans symbolised silence – in exchange to keep the amorous affairs of his mother, Venus, secret; hence the Latin term sub rosa , which is still used today to request silence regarding matters discussed in private.
Over time, the rose’s associations with love, femininity, purity and death were further developed in literature and art, as well as botany. In the 13th Century Le Roman de la Rose , a tale “replete with puns centred on rosy de-flowerings, pricking, scattering seed, and seizing young buds,” Faiers says, “the rose is both the object of the narrator’s desire and a symbol for female sexuality”. The term ‘deflower’, however, first appeared in A Directory for Midwives, a book by the 17th-Century English botanist Nicholas Culpeper, who, writes De La Haye, “ the fleshy knobs around the hymen to a half-blown rose”. Such comparisons, including those made by the Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus in the 18th Century, eventually led to the rose being once again the object of scorn – this time, in Victorian England. “It was reviled by people who were offended by its references to sexuality,” de la Haye says.
Ravishing: The Rose in Fashion will open in spring 2021 at The Museum of FIT, NYC.
Although it has been suggested that the rose was first cultivated in China some 5,000 years ago, the flower is in fact far older. “The genus rosa dates back 35 to 40 million years,” says Amy de la Haye, a co-curator of the MFIT exhibition, “so the rose goes right, right back”. In the Near East, according to historian Mauro Ambrosoli, the popularity of the rose spread along with the Persian idea of the paradise garden , and, as says Anna Pavord, editor of the forthcoming book Flower: The World in Bloom , it made its way to Europe via the Romans. “It was brought in by merchants,” she tells BBC Culture. “The Romans imported plants from the East.”
The rose as a symbol of purity in fashion can perhaps best be seen in the use of white roses in wedding gowns. Richard Quinn looks at the rose from this perspective, too, although he doesn’t limit himself to white in his vibrant floral prints. “To me, the rose signifies pure love and natural beauty,” says the designer, who at the same time is “intrigued by how the rose’s “purity … can be subverted” through the use of materials like latex.
There are also its many associations, which have long been appreciated by many of the world’s great designers. An evening gown that the artist Jean Cocteau designed for Elsa Schiaparelli in 1937, for example, on whose back two figures appear kissing one another beneath a vase of roses, uses the flower as a symbol of love and romance. More recently, Prada used the rose in its 2019 Anatomy of Romance collection. On a similar note, the silk-rose skull caps of Christian Dior, who, in his own words, designed for “flower-like women”, and a young woman’s evening dress with an artificial pink rose protruding at the navel, designed around 1960 by Yves Saint-Laurent, recall the flower’s feminine connotations in Le Roman de la Rose.
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On the other hand, designers including Dries Van Noten have explored the rose’s associations with death, decay, and the transience of life. The anthophile’s autumn/winter 2019/20 collection is a case in point, Van Noten tells BBC Culture: “There were a lot of really strange things happening in the world, so I thought it would be nice to roses… but not perfect roses, to show also the realness of life.” The visual inspiration for the collection came from Van Noten’s garden. “ roses with diseases, sometimes eaten by insects, scratched and damaged by rain and hail…” gypsy rose blanchard buzzfeed article